Visitor? Resident?

The past 20 years has seen an increasing use of the internet and accompanying software.
This is an inescapable fact as globalisation continues and the world keeps getting smaller.
Digital literacy is a skill that most of us need to be at adept at in order to keep pace with the rest of the world. Businesses, schools, social circles etc have now seen a transference of their presence and means of interaction into cyberspace.

Visitor and Resident
White, D. S., & Cornu, A. L. (2011) brought up the idea that when it comes to digital usage, we can be broadly categorised into Visitors and Residents.
10 years prior, Prensky (Prensky, 2001) proposed the idea that we are either Natives or Immigrants.
This idea was based mainly upon the idea of birth where he posited that those of us that were born into the era of widespread internet use will naturally be adept at it and those that are not will have difficulty at the adaptation of it.

The “Visitor and Resident” idea builds upon this without outrightly opposing it.
In short, the idea is that the users of the internet can be grouped into either Visitors or Residents.
Visitors being those that uses the internet only when needed. They are reluctant to leave behind a digital footprint (such as on social media) as compared to the Residents.
They mainly uses the internet for work usage and might have a different profile for dealing with online interaction. For example. the user might have an online profile for work usage(LinkedIn) but when it comes to his private life, have an adverse reaction to social media(Facebook).
Residents, on the other hand… are much more comfortable with online interaction. The lines between online and offline interaction had been blurred to the point where they can have social interaction with their friends in lieu of meeting up face-to-face. They generally have no qualms about their online identity or safety.

Personally, I see myself more as a Visitor.
Like a Visitor, I believe that offline interactions are more meaningful and fulfilling as compared to online ones. If given the chance, I would rather be offline than online.
I use social media heavily but audit the content vigorously.
I have a fear of online security but believe that maintaining digital profiles are inevitable in this time and age. If we don’t keep up, we will be left behind.

(397 Words)


Bennett, S, Maton, K, & Kervin, L. (2008) “The ‘digital natives’ debate: A critical review of the evidence,” British Journal of Educational Technology

Prensky, M. (2001) “Digital natives, digital immigrants,” On the Horizon,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf

White, D. (2008) TALL blog. from

MAN2049 Digital Profile – Self Test (Start of module)

-Accessing, managing and evaluating online information-
For starters, I would rate myself a 3.
I’m tempted to go for a 4 but I know there’s definitely room for improvement.
In academic studies, good referencing is of the utmost importance.
Sources must be checked and double-checked vigorously for truths and untruths.

-Participating in online communities-
Definitely a 4.
If by online communities, we mean social media… then yeah.
Joined Facebook 2007
Joined Twitter 2009
Joined Instagram 2012

-Building online networks around an area of interest-
Sad to say, this is an area I’m lacking in.
By the end of this module, I hope that I will have a better understanding of the hows.

-Collaborating with others-
If there is a zero, I would definitely rate it so.
I do understand that in the field of marketing, collaboration (both online and offline) is detriment to success.
Therefore, I will try my best to improve in this field.

-Creating online materials (text, audio, images, video)-
I do some elementary editing skills.
I used to do quite a bit of photography and edits.
Audio, Video… not so much.
Definitely place for improvement

-Managing your online identity-
Before I embarked on this undergraduate course, I was a civil servant for 10 years.
I learnt through the hard way that nothing online is private.
People can, and will judge you based on your online posts and identity.
Great care must be given to the crafting of our online identity.

-Managing your online privacy and security-
It’s safe to say that in cyberspace, nothing is secure.
Information is basically, a free-for-all if you have the know-how.
I’ve been very careful thus far not to post any sensitive information or photos online.
The way I see it, you run less of a risk if you don’t expose yourself to it.


Greetings, my friend.
My name is Edward Ting.
And it has been years since I last blogged.
My last site was taken down after the company was sold off.
Years of blogs gone. Just like that.
Therefore I am slightly reluctant to start up another.
Here’s hoping this WordPress will do better.

This blog is started up as course requirement for my degree programme.
-Living and working on the web. MANG2049
12 days of lessons for this module is, in my honest opinion… too short.
But isn’t it that the human mind thrives in a stress environment?
I don’t know about yours, but mine does.

What you will read here on will be my thoughts and reflections.
Enjoy and feel free to drop me a comment.

Edward Ting Han Yao